Protecting Ohio Watersheds

Protecting Ohio Watersheds

Ohio Watersheds Are Crucial to
Its Sustainability

We all live in a watershed.

Residential areas, farms, forests, small towns, big cities …They’re all part of a massive watershed network. Watersheds cross municipal, county, state and even international borders.

Pixabay Image

They come in all shapes and sizes, encompassing millions of square miles or just a few acres. And like creeks that drain into rivers, small watersheds are almost always part of a larger watershed.

For instance, Ohio’s 23 major watersheds consist of 254 principal streams and rivers. But they all drain into either Lake Erie or the Ohio River. (See “Ohio’s Two Primary Watersheds,” below.)

Our landscape and all its activities interconnect with streams, lakes and rivers through their watersheds. Naturally varying lake levels, water movement to and from groundwater, and amount of stream flow influences them as well. The health of our waterways is largely determined by these dynamics between the land and the water.

Ohio watersheds

Ohio’s Two Primary Watersheds

In Ohio, rivers north of the Continental Divide flow to Lake Erie and the St. Lawrence Seaway. Rivers south of the Divide flow to the Ohio River and, eventually, the Gulf of Mexico.

Learn more about the Lake Erie watershed:

Learn more about the Ohio River Watershed:

Becoming Watershed Wise

Watersheds must be protected if they are to sustain life. When human activities alter the natural function of the watershed, residents can be adversely affected by frequent flooding and routine periods of drought.

The three leading causes of polluted waterways are:

  1. Sediments
  2. Bacteria (such as E. coli), and
  3. Excess nutrients (such as nitrogen- and phosphate-based fertilizers).

Watershed-wise practices help create a balance and allow nature to work in our favor. When properly employed, residential landscapes can function as healthy mini-watersheds. The Green Gardens Group (G3) provides training and certification for its Watershed Approach to landscaping. This approach includes four key elements:

  • Build Healthy Soil
  • Capture Rainwater
  • Select Native, Climate-Appropriate Plants
  • Use Highly Efficient Irrigation

Smart irrigation technology (smart controllers, rain and soil-moisture sensors, and pressure regulators) is a key component of this approach and ensures optimal irrigation system performance.

Best Practices

As an irrigation and landscape professional, are you practicing watershed-wise principles, or are you contributing to the problem? Here are a few tips:

  • Promote smart irrigation controllers and other technology with your customers, to ensure that runoff is reduced or even eliminated.
  • Utilize matched precipitation rate (MPR) nozzles.
  • Suggest that your customers create hydrozones (groups of plants with similar water needs) to conserve water.
  • Offer your customers natural alternatives to nitrogen- or phosphate-based fertilizers? And suggest integrated pest management instead of pesticides.
  • Make sure that roof runoff is directed onto a grassy area, not a sanitary or storm sewer system.
  • Suggest porous surfaces for landscaping (such as flagstone, gravel or interlocking pavers), rather than impervious surfaces like concrete.
  • Consider installing irrigation systems that draw from rainwater or gray water, whenever possible.
  • Remind your customers that irrigation system management is critical!  Systems must be actively and constantly managed in order to be watershed wise.

Ohio watersheds

Take a Virtual Tour of
Ohio Watersheds

The Ohio Watershed Network offers a virtual tour of Ohio’s watersheds, beginning with the smallest streams in the watershed, the Headwaters.

From there, they move through the wider, slower-moving creeks and floodplains of the Middle Reaches. Then to the lakes, ponds and reservoirs, where sediments and many contaminants can collect.

The next stop is the precious Wetlands, with its large variety of plant and animal life. Finally, the last stop on the watershed tour is the Mighty River, where sediments, debris, or contaminants empty into the receiving waters.

We all affect the watershed, one way or another. Whether our individual influence is positive or negative is up to us.

Featured Image: Pixabay
The Nature Conservancy
Green Gardens Group
Ohio EPA

Coronavirus Round Table Discussion (April 10, 2020)

Coronavirus Round Table Discussion (April 10, 2020)

A Discussion of How Ohio’s Irrigation Contractors are Responding to the Coronavirus

Jerrad Lee, President of the Ohio Irrigation Association, conducts a round table discussion of landscape irrigation contractors’ response and experience with the coronavirus pandemic. Jerrad reviews the current best practices for shelter-in-place, essential business services, and the CARES Act.





Webinar Transcript

Tom Barrett, Ohio Irrigation Association:

Good afternoon everyone. My name is Tom Barrett and we’re pleased to have you join us in this discussion of how the irrigation contractors are handling the coronavirus and the CARES Act. Presenting for us today is Jerrad Lee, president of the Ohio Irrigation Association. He has 10 years of experience in the landscape industry. Currently, he’s the irrigation services manager for Environmental Management. We anticipate this to be a discussion because we’re all learning here. And so if you have a question, raise your hand and I’ll unmute you or you can type a question in the chat box down at the bottom. So please don’t hold back because, like I said, we’re all learning here. Jerrad.

Jerrad Lee, Ohio Irrigation Association:

Good afternoon, everybody. Can you hear me all right?

Tom Barrett, Ohio Irrigation Association:

You sound great.

Jerrad Lee, Ohio Irrigation Association:

Perfect. My video is not working, but it’s okay. So I wanted to start off by saying thank you to everybody for taking time off on your Friday to join us on this. My goal here, as Tom was saying, is for us to come together as an industry, both distributors and contractors, landscapers, irrigation guys all alike, to come together to figure out exactly the best way to keep our team safe, keep us safe, and keep our businesses rolling as usual. So some of the stuff that I am going to be talking through today, as you can see, is the Covid-19 stuff, obviously. But I really want to go into what you guys are seeing out there, what you’ve experienced, that people weren’t stopping you, that kind of stuff as well as talking about the CARES Act and how it can apply to us.

I’ve got several key points that I want to talk about today, as well as the emergency funds that we can use for our businesses, as well. Kind of the start off, if you’re not confused, you’re not paying attention. So everything that we are going to talk about today, it’s ever changing. It’s changed. About five minutes ago, Tom and I were on a another conference call to learn about some updates to what we’re going to talk about today. And it wouldn’t surprise me if tomorrow it changes again. There you go. Everything’s subject to change. It’s been changing on a daily basis. What I want to talk mostly about is making sure we’re following our shelter in place and we’re keeping ourselves safe, whether that’s with PPE and so on. But here in Ohio, we are not necessarily viewed as “essential.” It’s definitely on a local level as different requirements as to who can and can’t work.

In Pennsylvania , landscapers are not considered essential. So I want to make sure you were aware of that. Ohio, Michigan, Kentucky, West Virginia, we’re allowed to work. But again, it depends on where in the state you are. Some cities won’t let you work and some will. That being said, I’d kind of like to start off with just some input of around the state. So I’m in Columbus. I’d love to get someone from Columbus, someone from Cleveland and someone from Cincinnati to kind of tell us what you guys are seeing out there. Okay? So I’ve heard stories… I believe I was told just today that people in Knox county are getting fines for working. In Columbus, we are working as usual.

Tom Barrett, Ohio Irrigation Association:


Jerrad Lee, Ohio Irrigation Association:

Yes, sir.

Tom Barrett, Ohio Irrigation Association:

Greg wants to say something. Greg, you’re permitted to talk. I think if you push the space bar, you can talk.

Greg Davis, Environmental Management:

So one thing that we did, we’ve installed a Covid plan pretty early, but we were subject to a a health inspection just last week. There was a random observation of maybe too many folks in a truck. They did stop in and we had our plan together. We showed him everything that we were doing and it was a pretty quick and painless investigation. He liked everything we were doing. But the point is, we had something, we had a plan. We showed them everything we were doing. That causes him to see that we were doing everything we could to stick to the local requirements at that time. Like you were saying, Jerrad, it’s just changing. It seems like hourly. So I mean that’s kind of what we’re doing here. And he reacted to one complaint, so anyone can get a complaint at any time. And he said it was just a random passer-by who just all saw some guys in the truck.

Tom Barrett, Ohio Irrigation Association:

So Greg, did you have something in writing with you?

Greg Davis, Environmental Management:

Oh yeah, he came to our office. And even the week prior, as soon as this started, we had a Covid plan in writing. It’s everything that the employees are supposed to do. It’s a contingency plan for every employee. Like every management play in case they get sick. It runs down who’s going to do what, who’s going to take over and what cross-training they need to get up to speed. We found a camp full of gaps there, especially in like billing and and AR and AP and things like that. But yeah, we had a written plan and we shared it with him. He wasn’t really interested in seeing the actual details. He was more interested in the fact that we had it. You know, when he came in, he was asked the three questions we had to ask every person because we don’t have thermometers yet. And so I think that set him at ease as well.

Scott Knowles, Wolf Creek Company:

Nobody from Cleveland is on. This is Scott Knowles. It was in the papers up there, but Impullitti Landscaping had an unannounced stop-by from their local officials. Who I guess said that they were just doing that randomly, seeing who’s open and stopping in to see if they were taking all the precautions for social distancing. In Plenty did. And they had again, like a plan and they had all the stuff in place, you know, the wipes and sprays and people distancing. A couple of the folks, I guess in the office, working from home, and the officials gave them an “all clear,” and congratulated them on doing their job and thanking them for that. So that’s something that you hear more of now, our local officials stopping job sites or offices and questioning. In most cases, just questioning, are they doing what they need to do? So a little feedback there.

Tom Barrett, Ohio Irrigation Association:

Yeah. Thank you. I’ve also heard that in the state of Ohio, the fine could be up to $750 and 90 days in jail. And I’m not sure how true that is, but I have heard that.

Scott Knowles, Wolf Creek Company:

I have not heard the 90 days in jail, but various localities will have fines for second offenses up to, the highest I heard was $1500. And I think that might’ve been Pittsburgh.

Tom Barrett, Ohio Irrigation Association:

Yeah, I think that’s an interesting point. It can vary from locality and county, and it can be more stringent than the state of Ohio. And the state of Ohio appears to have left it a little bit vague, whereas other states have said specifically landscaping is permitted or not permitted. In Ohio it doesn’t specifically point out landscaping.

Joe Twardzik, Wolf Creek Company:

Yeah. Tom. This is Joe Twardzik. Yes. You’re absolutely right. The the local jurisdictions are interpreting as they see fit. The $1500 fine that Scott was referring to, I heard that was actually Montgomery County, which is Dayton. And Scott pointed out about Impullitti, that was actually at their office. So they can walk out and then a previous person talked about getting stopped out and about in the truck. But they can stop in your office, do the same thing. It really is about having a plan in place and actually following the guidelines. So if you do both those things, you’re actually doing, not just writing it down, but walking the walk and talking the talk, that means everything.

Jerrad Lee, Ohio Irrigation Association:

Yeah. And what we did too, to build on what you guys are saying is, we make sure our guys have the key talking points. So my irrigation techs know that they’re protecting a natural resource of water. So that’s along with the landscaping side of things, of keeping a well-maintained landscape. Kind of like the broken glass theory where, if you see one broken window in a house, you’re going to eventually see more. The crime’s gonna start growing. So we’re making sure within this paperwork that they have those key talking points so they know exactly the why’s, they can explain it to themselves. And if you watch John Houston, the lieutenant governor, he will say even that it was all vague, and it’s up to interpretation to the contractor. And the authorities aren’t necessarily going to interpret it. It’s kind of goes back to the way we interpret it, and how we’re doing and how we can advertise what we’re doing and why. So that’s why those key points are essential to have.

Tom Barrett, Ohio Irrigation Association:

We just had several people join us. What we’re talking about here is anybody that’s seen restrictions or anybody that’s been cited with the shelter in place. And in order to participate just press the space bar on your computer and you can talk.

Jerrad Lee, Ohio Irrigation Association:

All right, so kind of moving on. Some of the things that I want to make sure we’re kind of doing. This is some of the best practices that I think we should be following, such as asking for permission. I know when it comes to my tax, we’re not just going to a site even it’s for an outdoor backflow. We want to make sure we’re allowed on that site and what their guidelines are. Maintaining a safe distance. So if we’re going inside of the building, we’re calling ahead. After we get the permission, but we’re still calling ahead, so we can get doors unlocked or a clear path from the outside of the building to where our back floor controller is.

The crew members are using personal vehicles. That’s a great one to keep an eye on. We keep the social distancing. I’m still seeing trucks with five or six guys in them driving down the road. Obviously, some people can’t drive. They may not have a driver’s license or what have you. But doing the best that you can. Kind of going back to what Tom was saying, the local ordinances may be more restrictive, depending on where you are. So even on the national level, out in California, there’s some towns where you can’t be working at all. You get fines, just like Joe and Scott were talking about, in some areas in California you’re fined. And that’s the same thing here. Any more information that you might need? Our website has some guidelines to follow. Feel free to take a look at it. But I know with PPE that I’m seeing guys use, it’s great to see that the people are out there with face mask and gloves and all that stuff.

But what I’m seeing a lot in my experience, watching crews work and different teams work, both within my organization and with another, are people wearing gloves. And that’s great, but they’re cross contaminating everything they touch. So they go out and they may shake someone’s hand or they touch something that could be infected. And then you’re watching them, they’re touching their phone, they’re scratching their face and touching their steering wheel, and then they’re not cleaning the steering wheel off afterwards. So it’s great that they’re having the gloves on, but if that stuff stays on it, then they’re just contaminating everything else as if they weren’t having it. So I’m always making sure my guys have what PP they have and hopefully give them some extra, so they can change their gloves.

Tom Barrett, Ohio Irrigation Association:

And I think it’s important to note this could change tomorrow. In New York, one of my clients is a contractor. On Saturday, a week ago, Cuomo announced that they would restrict all construction except for very essential construction. So the best place for current information is on the website. Anybody hears anything, let us know. We’ll put it up on the website. We want to keep the website as current as possible.

Jerrad Lee, Ohio Irrigation Association:

To kind of go into the CARES Act, is the $8.3 billion Economic Injury Disaster Loan, which we’ll go into in a second. The Paycheck Protection Plan is actually Phase Three. It’s HR bill 748. It’s a $2 trillion stimulus package, which is the biggest package that I think we’ve seen in our lifetimes. So as of a week and a half ago, I was on a conference call and some of the stuff that we learned then has already changed to now. So a week and a half ago, it started off at $349 billion is in this fund. It is now being increased by $250 billion, which makes it $600 billion all in. These funds will be disbursed basically over an eight-week period. So this is built on a 78 program through your SBA. So Tom, if I misspeak on anything, please don’t hesitate to interject.

Tom Barrett, Ohio Irrigation Association:

Yes. So what I’m hearing, there’s about 15 companies that I’ve worked with that have applied for this. The Paycheck Protection Program is designed to maintain your employees so that, when work becomes more normal, you don’t have to hire new employees. A lot of people have the misunderstanding that this is a way to help reduce the unemployment rate and unemployment benefits. But actually this is more expensive than the unemployment program that was passed. I think one of the most important things to note is, any employee whose primary residence is not in the United States does not get anything in this plan, nor do you have to include them in your payroll calculations.

The payroll calculations can be done in two different ways. And this just recently changed. I just learned of this less than an hour ago. You can use the 12-month prior number for your average monthly payroll, or you can use from 2/15 to 6/30 for seasonal workers. So there’s a couple of different ways to do it. I don’t think there’s one best way to do in the landscape industry. I would suggest you figure it out both ways. You can then receive two and a half months of your payroll, and 75% of that must be used for payroll. And if you do that over the eight-week period, which starts on the day you receive the funds, this is completely forgiven. So it becomes a grant. It’s a really nice program. It’s administered through the local banks and it’s all over the board what you may need in order to apply for the loans. So it’s up to the individual lending institution how they want to document the loans. I’ve had some people have to provide taxes, others just basically had to provide a P and L. And it’s really up to the bank because they are administering it.

Don’t give up if you haven’t seen the funds. I’ve just started to see the funds distributed this week. So I’ve had one account that applied at like 1:45 on Saturday morning; they received approval by 8:00 that morning. They received their funds on Tuesday. On the other accounts. I’m starting to see approvals come through and it feels like they’re going to get their funds all at once in about three days. Some of the banks I’ve heard are distributing the funds in a lump basis, and others are distributing it out in increments. So we’re really not sure where that is. Any of you have any experience with these funds?

Jerrad Lee, Ohio Irrigation Association:

So one thing to point out if nobody has anything is, as of today, independent contractors and self-employed individuals can apply for this. There’s a little bit of a caveat to that I learned just yesterday listening to Mike DeWine’s speech. As of right now, in the federal government or in the states there is not a way for an owner of a company to apply for this as of yet. What they need to do is, each state is working to develop their own program to get the owners and sole proprietors of a business to be able to apply for these kinds of loans or this kind of money. So there could be a delay here in Ohio. In fact, there’s going to be a delay because, like I said, they don’t have it set up yet. They’re working on it right now. And each state is going to be different. So for those of you who work in different states, just know it’ll be different depending on where you go and how they set it up. But that is coming. And just like anything else, be prepared. It could be inundated with phone calls, emails and everything else. And that’s pretty much what’s happening, especially in the unemployment offices and everything else.

Tom Barrett, Ohio Irrigation Association:

So that’s a good point, Jerrad. There is starting to become available local, county and state funds. I know the city of Chicago has an emergency relief fund that they’ve established. A couple of counties in Colorado that I’m working with have established emergency relief funds. DeWine yesterday said they were going to establish an emergency relief fund in the state of Ohio. All of this is brand new. None of us really know for sure what’s going on. So as you hear things, let us know. And then the website down there we’ll continue to keep that updated as more information becomes available.

Does anybody have any questions or anything they can add to their experience with the Paycheck Protection Program? Doesn’t sound like it. So again, if you need to talk, press the space bar and you can talk. This is a really good program. I would encourage everybody to apply for it, if they haven’t already. And it looks like the $250 billion in additional funding has not been approved yet, but it feels like it will be approved by next week.

Jerrad Lee, Ohio Irrigation Association:

Before we move on. Just so we are aware of unemployment information, again watching Mike DeWine yesterday. So far as of yesterday, there’s been 696,519 Ohioans have lost their jobs over the past three weeks. That number is twice as many as all of 2019. So, and that’s just in three weeks. So as of right now, 207,000 of those people have that check sent to them, totalling about $132 million. So obviously, the unemployment offices are behind on things, as is everybody with this because nobody was prepared for it. Gov. DeWine is talking about expanding and adding a thousand people to help get these moved through, and they’re going to expedite the approval process to get this taken care of. That’s all I had left on that.

So kind of moving into the EDIL loan, the Economic Injury Disaster Loan. So this is a loan that is not forgivable. There will be a payment back to the government for these loans, but they are for less than 500 employees. I believe just today we learned that they are starting to add this to Main Street type companies. I’m not sure if that goes to anybody in here, possibly the distributors, but the Main Street. I’m trying to find my notes. Like I said, it’s brand new to me.

Tom Barrett, Ohio Irrigation Association:

So the Main Street or any company that has over 500 employees. And then there’s an affiliation rule that applies depending upon how your corporation is set up. So for the larger corporations that may have subsidiaries, you may or may not have to qualify all of the employees from all the subsidiaries. It just depends on who has controlling interest.

Jerrad Lee, Ohio Irrigation Association:

Thank you, Tom. So as we go through here, maximum loan is $2 million and the maximum term is 30 years. So the your term is going to fluctuate, depending on the size of your business and some other key factors there. I believe the interest rate was going to be about a half a percent and it’s now 1% payback.

Tom Barrett, Ohio Irrigation Association:

Jerrad, it’s a 1% maximum on the paycheck protection. That’s what we’re hearing. And this loan here is 3.75. So the EDIL loan is 3.75. The payback term and the amount of the loan is going to vary, based upon your financial statement and the SBAs rules. And the SBA is keeping it rather quiet, how much is going to be distributed. There is a $10,000 disbursement that could be used for payroll, but it can’t be used for payroll during the same time period as the paycheck protection. So that we just learned today. And like Jerrad said, this has to be paid back. There is no forgiveness on this at this point.

Jerrad Lee, Ohio Irrigation Association:

They are saying you could definitely apply for both. And they are encouraging you to apply for this, if you think you’re going to need it. But if you don’t need it, you won’t have to take it. But they’re saying to at least apply for it to get the process started, if you think you will need it. So again, more information on this can be found on our website, if you have questions. So again, just to kind of reiterate, everything’s up to change.

I think everybody in Ohio is doing an awesome job, and that’s kind of what I wanted to go into next is, what is happening in Ohio? And kind of why are we where we are, as far as what’s going to happen going forward? So if you if you watched DeWine’s speech yesterday here, there was a bunch of protesters outside the state house, and that’s all good and well. And there’s a lot of questions to the governor as to when is this going to end? The reason why I bring this up is, I believe it was Singapore that was starting to hit their peak, and they were starting to come down on things. So once the numbers started going down, they eased up and let social distancing come back and opening more things up. Once they did that, they noticed that they had a spike, and I believe it went higher than where they plateaued when they were fighting through it. So more of the story is, the reporters at yesterday’s conference were asking, when is this going to happen? Is going to be May 1st? And the governor said, it’s all up in the air right now.

Nobody truly knows when this could end. It could be four weeks, it could be eight. That being said, just make sure we keep working together to keep this going. That’s why I wanted to have this conference call, so we can work together as an industry and not individual companies aside, and we don’t make it anywhere. So as far as other things that are happening in Ohio, these are wins, if you ask me. There’s 19 manufacturers that are partnering with three hospital groups around the state. And what they are doing is manufacturing face shields that can be sanitized and reused at the hospital. The manufacturers they went to were manufacturers of toys, of car parts. They are plastic injectors or die-cast makers. These are people who have not manufactured any kind of health care stuff, but now they are.

So it kind of goes back to the world wars when they were transitioning manufacturing back then. But this is all happening in Ohio. The other thing is, obviously, Battelle is starting to sanitize the N95 masks. If you guys are using N95, obviously, we have a shortage of those. The governor is urging, please, please don’t throw those away. They can be sanitized up to 20 times at Battelle here in Columbus. I know their corporate is here in Columbus. I’m not sure when the drop-off location is. I’ll have to get back to you on that. But moral of that story is, don’t throw those away. Save them. Every one that’s thrown away is one less mask out there for somebody else to use. Again, they can be used 20 times.

That’s all I really have and all that good stuff. But if you guys have other stories, I’d love to hear them. I know we’re getting through this today. Please reach out to me. Here, let me get my contact information up. Here’s my phone number and my email address. So if you guys are seeing some things out there in different counties. The distributors especially, or people outside of Columbus. I’m in Columbus, so I kind of have an idea of what’s going on. But really anybody, I’d love to get your input of what you’re seeing.

The Ohio IA is also working with the national IA on different things. And the more input we get, the better off we are, to go to the state house to help defend us. So obviously with the 600,000 people now out of work here in Ohio, I think our work is not necessarily a right right now. It’s a privilege. We’re not part of the statistic, but it could happen at any day as the economy turns downwards. So I would just encourage everybody to stay safe. As I’ve said in my emails and on LinkedIn, we’re in this together and we need to get through this together, and I know we will get through it together. It’s just going to take time. We’re not at the end yet, and the governor is saying that every day.

Tom Barrett, Ohio Irrigation Association:

Anybody have any other questions? Again, push down on your space bar. You can speak or you can type a question into the chat window.

Joe Twardzik, Wolf Creek Company:

Tom and Jerrad. This is Joe from Wolf Creek. I just want to know if there’s anybody having any instances where they’ve run into problems, or they have solutions. Just something they can share with everybody because we are as, as you guys said, we’re in this together. So just reasons to keep working. Just any challenges you see out there.

Eric Klopfer, Environmental Management:

This is Eric with EMI. We’ve run into a couple of challenges if you don’t mind me sharing. Not really challenges, I guess, per se, but “what if” situations. If an employee comes to you and says they’ve been around someone, what do you do? And I know we’ve got all the paperwork that tells everything, but a lot of times it’s hard to make that decision, right? Whether they could be infected or not, or should they be working or not. So there’s been a lot. And really the best thing I can say is, don’t take anything lightly.

We had an employee at one point that had strep throat, got tested positive for strep throat, went home, stayed home for six days or whatever. Then went back in to the doctor because he wasn’t feeling well, got tested and tested positive. So what is one thing could turn into another thing. I would say just don’t take anything lightly. We’ve had a lot of instances where people are just hey man, they’re just afraid to come to work for a while. We’ve got to be real on that, right? We’ve got to be sympathetic to it. And you’re going to have people that probably are going to try to take advantage of this, and stay home and do other things and just take it as a vacation. That’s difficult too. But at the end of the day, if somebody’s coming to you with something, you’ve got to respond the right way. It’s got to be, “Hey, employees first at this point,” and you’ve got to take everything seriously. Like they could be infected. So that’s the only piece I had. I just wanted to say we do have to take it seriously anytime anybody comes to us with any type of complaint.

Tom Barrett, Ohio Irrigation Association:

Yeah, that’s a really good point. We have a responsibility for our employees, and every one of us has a different perspective on this. It’s important to be understanding and additionally not to have others infect others. The face mask is the best thing that we can use right now. So good. Thank you so much.

Anybody else want to add anything? Jerrad, thank you very much for your time and all the work that’s going into this. Everybody on the call, thank you so much for your participation. We will have another webinar as information becomes available. We hope you found this informative. Again, check the website for current information or call Jerrad or myself, if you have any additional information. Have a great day and a great weekend.


Matched Precipitation Rates: Key to Water Efficiency

Matched Precipitation Rates: Key to Water Efficiency

Matched Precipitation Rates Prevent
Runoff and Dry Spots

As an irrigation professional, you know how important water efficiency has become to the industry.

Gone are the days of sprinkler run-off overflowing into the street. With today’s technology — smart controllers, rotary nozzles, soil moisture sensors, etc. — the irrigation industry is using water much more efficiently than ever before.

And one key to that water efficiency is matched precipitation.

The Basics

When designing sprinkler systems, matching precipitation rates can help to avoid wet and dry spots, as well as excessive run times. Which is why irrigation system designers must consider flow rates and arcs of coverage to ensure even precipitation for each coverage area or zone.

Pixabay Image

Flow rates are proportional to the degree of arc covered. For example, the flow rate of a quarter-circle (90⁰) sprinkler head is equal to one-quarter that of a full-circle (360⁰) head. Likewise, the flow rate of a half-circle (180⁰) spray is equal to one-half that of a full circle.

Matched precipitation rate can be achieved two ways:
  • By zoning together sprinklers with the same precipitation rate (Gallons Per Minute x 96.3 ÷ area), or
  • By selecting the appropriate Matched Precipitation Rate (MPR) nozzles.

Note: Spray and multi-stream rotary heads automatically match precipitation; single-stream rotors do not.

Zoning Together

When heads without matched precipitation rates are used in the same zone, dry spots often develop. This can lead to the extension of sprinkler run times, as the entire area is watered longer to keep the dry spot alive. That’s why it’s important to always zone together sprinkler heads with the same precipitation rate.

This can be achieved by matching the gallons per minute (GPM) of a standard rotor to its arc and reducing the range accordingly. For example, two GPM at 90⁰ would equal four GPM at 180⁰, or eight GPM if the sprinkler head covers a full circle.

An Illustration

The Hunter Industries website offers the following illustration of three different sprinkler heads with matched precipitation rates:

Hunter Industries Image

For each of these sprinkler heads, one GPM is applied to each quarter circle (assuming the throw radius is the same for each head). As a result, precipitation is matched.

On the other hand, if you were to install nozzles with the same flow rate on all three heads, areas covered by the 90⁰ head would receive four times as much water as the area covered by the full-circle head. So the quarter-circle area would flood long before areas covered by the 360⁰ head received sufficient water.

(For detailed examples of how this works, click here.)

MPR Nozzles

Hunter Industries Photo

Matched Precipitation Rate (MPR) nozzles provide a much simpler way to match precipitation rates within the respective irrigation zones. These nozzles allow sprinklers with various arcs and radii to be mixed on the same circuit. They work well, for example, with beds or turf areas that are irregularly shaped and therefore require varying radii of sprinkler heads within the same zone.

MPR nozzles offer irrigation contractors and technicians greater flexibility when working on the system. Different nozzles can be used for precise watering, while still maintaining matched precipitation rates across the irrigation zone.

Can You Mix and Still Match?

So can different types of sprinklers be used within the same zones? According to Brent Barkley, product manager for Rain Bird in Azusa, Calif., the answer is “Yes, but cautiously.”

“With careful design, and the right products, it is possible to match the precipitation rates of rotors and rotary nozzles, allowing them to be zoned together while irrigating different sections of an irregularly shaped lawn,” said Barkley. An example would be if rotors are being used on a fairly large area of turf in a front lawn, you could probably utilize some rotary nozzles to irrigate a narrow strip of side yard.

What you want to avoid, however, is a hodgepodge (“crazy quilt”) of sprinkler types with no apparent rhyme or reason. A situation like that can result when numerous repairs and alterations are performed by various contractors over the years.

Particularly on older systems, you may see the crazy quilt layout, with a combination of spray heads and rotors delivering water at much different precipitation rates. In such a situation, replacing the spray heads with rotary nozzles can help come very close to achieving matched precipitation rates without replacing the whole system.

Featured Image: Adobe, License Granted
Hunter Industries
Irrigation & Green Industry
Irrigation Toolbox

Key Provisions of the CARES Act

Key Provisions of the CARES Act

A Discussion on the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security (CARES) Act — Loans, Grants and Business Relief

Last week AmericanHort hosted a webinar titled, “A Discussion on the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act — Loans, Grants and Business Relief.”

Two representatives from K·Coe Isom, Senior Associate Kala Jenkins and Federal Affairs Lead Brian Kuehl, led the discussion. Here’s a copy of the webinar and below is a summary of the presentation:

A Discussion on the CARES Act–Loans, Grants, and Business Relief

Key Provisions of CARES Act

The CARES Act became law on Friday, March 27, 2020. Everything is subject to change. The Act includes three stimulus bills:

  • Phase 1: $8.3 million; economic injury disaster loan
  • Phase 2: Families First response act (tax credits and labor issues)
  • Phase 3: $2 trillion stimulus
  • Paycheck Protection $349 billion; over an 8-week period (could become oversubscribed)
  • Economic Injury Disaster Loans (EIDLs) $10 billion for
  • $500 billion for economic stabilization
  • $9.5 billion for agriculture; unclear how it will be used (green industries could be considered “specialty crops”)
  • $14 billion for commodity credit corporation (payments for trade disruptions)

Paycheck Protection


  • Applies to small business, generally under 500 full-time and part-time employees
  • Must certify that business has been impacted by COVID-19
  • Funds must be used for payroll, mortgage or lease, and utilities—all incurred before February 15, 2020.

Loan Amount

Based on monthly average payroll for last year X 2.5 OR $10 million, whichever is less.

How to Define Payroll Costs

  • Wages, salaries, commissions, tips (with $100,000 cap per employee)
  • Employee benefits (vacation, sick leave, insurance, etc.)
  • State and local income taxes
  • Also applies to sole proprietor or independent contractor

Loan Forgiveness

  • Must track payroll, mortgage interest or lease, and utilities during 8-week cover period
  • After 8 weeks, apply for debt forgiveness from lender
  • Debt forgiveness excluded from gross income
  • Expect 75% of funds will be for payroll
  • Must keep track of full-time monthly average of employees. Forgiveness amount can be reduced if 8-week cover period shows fewer employees compared to previous year, or if there’s been more than 25% reduction in salary and wages, unless employees rehired or salaries restored by June 30.
  • Funds that are not forgiven termed out after two years with max. interest of 0.5%, payment deferred for 6 months
  • Waiving: normal loan fees, denial of credit letter, personal guarantee, collateral

When to Apply

  • Small business and sole proprietorships can apply April 3, 2020.
  • Independent contractors and self-employed can apply April 10, 2020.

Other lenders may also be approved through SBA.

Economic Injury Disaster Loan (EIDL)

For businesses with working capital loss or revenue loss.

Eligibility: Businesses (includes sole proprietors, independent contractors, ESOPs and cooperatives) with no more than 500 employees (and small agricultural companies)

What It Covers:

  • Repaying obligations that can’t be met
  • Meeting increased costs due to demand
  • Rent or mortgage
  • Payroll
  • Sick leave for COVID-19 victims

(EIDL can be used together with PIP loan, but cannot be used to cover the same expenses, such as payroll.)

Maximum loan amount = $2 million; amount of loan determined case by case.

Interest rate: 3.75% for small business; 2.75% for non-profit; maximum 30-year payback period.

Waiving: personal guarantee for loans less than $200,000; one-year in business requirement; denial of credit letter.

EIDL is not eligible for debt forgiveness, except for $10,000 maximum emergency grant for payroll protection.


How can existing loans be refinanced through PPP loan program?

SBA loans only may be refinanced depending on type of loan and date of closing.

How is 500 employee threshold determined?

  • Businesses of 500 or fewer full-time and/or part-time employees
  • Businesses of more than 500 full-time and/or part-time employees with certain NAICS code available on SBA website.
  • Provisions for seasonal staff: Avg monthly payroll is for 12-week period beginning 2/15/19 and ending 6/30/19.

What about affiliates? Should they be treated as a single entity when applying?

Affiliation requirements are waived for some classes of businesses. Would depend on how business is structured.

Important to step back and take a diagnostic assessment of all business program before applying, as you may not be eligible for other programs. Develop a strategy.

Can funds be used to pay H2A contracted workers?

Cannot apply payroll funds toward labor contractor. H2A workers are considered to be living outside the U.S. and not eligible.

Can businesses take the loan and forego forgiveness?

Yes, but you still must abide by loan eligibility requirements.

Board of Directors Meeting Notes, March 27, 2020

Board of Directors Meeting

March 27, 2020


Type of Meeting: Teleconference

Call to Order by President


I. Roll Call –

    • Tom Barrett
    • JC Wheaton
    • Joe Twardzik
    • John Dolle
    • Jerrad Lee
    • Kris Keckley
    • Perry Bruggeman
    • John Newlin

II. Presidents Report:  Jerrad Lee

    • Talked about IA Legislative Fly in.
    • *H2B
    • Tax credit for installing Smart Irrigation Technology
    • Communication
    • Social Media
    • Linked In & Face book (Jerrad to take care of)

III. Tom Barrett Report

    • Economic Response by Federal Government
    • SBA Loans vs. Grant Money

IV. Goals : Jerrad Lee

    • Education: using IA education materials
    • National IA become a chapter?
    • What this means is they do administrative work for a fee
    • Membership increase numbers
    • Become a part of OIA or ONLA?
    • Have an Advocate for the state of Ohio communicate with IA

V.            Adjournment